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 Religion and Philosophy







This page includes articles that deal with the religious and philosophical issues raised by the Shroud of Turin. Listed below (alphabetically) is the title and author of each paper, along with a brief description of its content and a brief bio of the author (where available). Simply select the paper you wish to read by clicking on its title. To return to this page while in mid-article, use your browser's "back" button. (NOTE: Some of these may be links to different websites. After viewing those articles, you will need to use your browser's "back" button to return to this website).


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Are you interested in submitting your work for publication on this website? Please review the Submission Requirements page of this site for detailed instructions on the preparation and submission of papers and articles.


Copyright Notice

All papers and articles on this website are copyrighted. Access to this site does not grant the viewer any rights to copy, publish, sell, license or distribute any included materials, in any form or media, without the express, written permission of the copyright holders. However, links to this website are permitted and encouraged. Editorial opinions expressed herein are solely those of the respective authors.


Meditation on the Holy Shroud given on 2 May 2010 by Pope Benedict XVI

Pope Benedict XVI visited the Shroud of Turin during the public exhibition on 02 May 2010 and delivered this address in the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, providing his personal insights into the relic.


Complete text of his address about the Shroud of Turin given on May 24, 1998 by Pope John Paul II.

Pope John Paul II visited the Shroud of Turin during the public exhibition in 1998 and delivered this address in the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, providing his personal insights into the relic.


Design in the Shroud of Turin by Phillip H. Wiebe (.pdf format) [43k]

The author is a Professor of Philosophy at Trinity Western University in Langley, British Columbia. This paper was originally presented at the Worldwide Congress "Sindone 2000" in Orvieto, Italy, in August 2000.


The Disciples On The Road To Turin by Joseph Marino
Los Discípulos en el Camino hacia Turín - En Español

An interesting Biblical perspective on the Shroud and its study. Joseph is a noted Shroud historian and archivist whose contributions to Shroud research (and this website) are extensive. This presentation was originally delivered at the 1996 Esopus Conference.


Does the Shroud Body Image Show Any Physical Evidence of Resurrection? by Kevin E. Moran and Giulio Fanti (.pdf format) (From the IV Symposium Scientifique International du CIELT, Paris, France 2002)

An interesting article that looks at the Shroud from both a scientific and religious point of view.


The Ecumenical Implications of the Shroud of Turin by the Rev. Albert R. Dreisbach, Jr. (.pdf format) [263k] [May 2006] (From the 1st International Shroud Conferences in Terracina and Perugia, Italy)

Sadly, this is the final paper written by Fr. Dreisbach. He was on his way to deliver the paper at two conferences in Italy when he died. According to many, this is his finest work, completing a theme he had written about frequently.


Evidence of “Resurrection of Jesus” in the Shroud of Turin by Joseph Amalraj (.pdf format) [257k] [Sept 2010]

In this paper the author provides his perspective on the evidence for the Resurrection as depicted on the Shroud.


Feast of the Holy Shroud Solemnly Celebrated in Fátima, Portugal by Dr. Paulo Falcão Tavares

The official Feast of the Holy Shroud occurs on May 4th every year. Although not celebrated widely in the U.S., it is a very important date in parts of Europe. This article provides a detailed description of the events that took place in Fátima, Portugal on May 4, 2013. Dr. Tavares is the Delegate and President of the Dynastic Orders of the Royal House of Savoy and Spokesperson for the Oureana Foundation. Carlos Evaristo was kind enough to send us several photographs of the event, which I have included in the article itself.


Historical Epistemology, Jesus's Resurrection, and the Shroud of Turin. by Gary R. Habermas  (.pdf format) [45k] (From the June 1999 Richmond Conference)

Gary is a distinguished Professor of Philosophy at Liberty University and co-author of Verdict on the Shroud and The Shroud and the Controversy, and numerous other books.


The Holy Shroud by Peter M. Rinaldi - The Sign, June 1934, Vol. 13, pp. 685-688 Courtesy University of Scranton Library - Special Collections [21 January 2013]

We are grateful to John Klotz, New York attorney who is currently researching and writing a new book about the Shroud, for finding this rare and important article by Fr. Rinaldi and obtaining permission for us to publish it on our website.


Icons, Science, and Faith: Comparative Examination of the Shroud of Turin and the Sudarium of Oviedo by Kelly Kearse - Theology and Science, Volume 11, Issue 1, 2013, pages 52-61. [June 2013]

(Abstract): The Shroud of Turin is a well-studied linen cloth bearing the image of a naked man that has been beaten, scourged, and crucified. A lesser-known, smaller cloth exists, the Sudarium of Oviedo, which contains bloodstains corresponding to the head wounds, both front and back, found on the Shroud. The Sudarium bears no facial imprint and has been proposed to represent the face-cloth (napkin) mentioned in the gospel of John (20:6–7). Here, the markings on the Shroud of Turin and the Sudarium of Oviedo are reviewed, and the possible relationship between the two cloths and their impact on faith is discussed.


The Importance of Faith to Science by Claudio Bonito - Student Essay [18 July 2011]

This is one of three student essays written as the final examination for the course on the STURP team and their science taught by Barrie Schwortz in April 2011 in Rome (see related article). Some of the reviewers on the STERA, Inc. Editorial Review Committee believed the papers did not quite come up to the high standards they would like to see on this website, while several others really liked them just as they were! Unfortunately, since the course I taught is over and the students have moved on, there was no practical way to return the articles to them for further revisions anyway. Consequently, I have made the minor corrections recommended by the reviewers but am basically publishing them "as is" and clearly marked as student papers. Please consider that as you read them and decide for yourself. Editor's Note - This paper was originally written in Italian and we were provided with this English version, so some of the issues noted by the reviewers may be due to the quality of the translation and not the fault of the author.


The Importance of Shroud Science for Faith by Mariusz Kielbasa, LC - Student Essay [August 2012]

This is a Student Essay written as a Final Examination for the course taught by Barrie Schwortz every year at the Pontifical Athenaeum Regina Apostolorum in Rome. The class provides an overview of the STURP examination and science. The final exam question was "What is the importance of Shroud Science for Faith" and this was one of the best papers written during the 2012 course so we thought we would share it with you.


It's the Message that Matters by Russ Breault (.pdf format) [48k]

Russell Breault is the founder of the Shroud of Turin Education Project, Inc. (STEP) and has been researching and lecturing on the Shroud for nearly 20 years. In this article, he reminds the reader that the message of the Shroud is more important than the image itself. He explores the different points of view amongst Christians as they relate to the Shroud and concludes, "If Christian educators, Protestant and Catholic, can get beyond their bias and fears and focus on the message, the Shroud could be used in the way God may have intended, as a visual Gospel to a video and information age."


Liturgical Clues to the Shroud's History by the Rev. Albert R. Dreisbach, Jr.

A study of possible references to the Shroud in the liturgy and the Bible. The Rev. Albert "Kim" R. Dreisbach, Jr., is an Episcopal Priest and the founder and Executive Director of the Atlanta International Center for the Continuing Study of the Shroud of Turin, Inc., (AICCSST). Author of numerous papers and a frequent Shroud lecturer, Fr. Dreisbach has often appeared on national radio and TV. In recent years he has served as a commentator and technical advisor on a number of Shroud related TV productions.


A Month Dedicated to the Shroud (in English) [3 June 2013]

The official Feast of the Holy Shroud occurs on May 4th every year. Although not celebrated widely in the U.S., it is a very important date in parts of Europe. This article is from the Vatican Insider website (in Italian) and provides a detailed description of the events that took place in Turin, Italy, on May 4, 2013 and what is planned afterwards. The above link is to an English translation of the article.


Mysteries of the Shroud by Rafael de la Piedra Seminario

The author is a theologian and student of the Holy Shroud. Included here is a brief quote from the article: "The Shroud of Turin represents both Darkness and Light. The shroud is enigmatic; representing both the finalities of life, and faith and hope in eternal life. It is proof of He that is victorious in life over death."


Probing the Shroud for Reasons to Believe by Br. Andrew Dalton, L.C. - Student Essay [18 July 2011]

This is one of three student essays written as the final examination for the course on the STURP team and their science taught by Barrie Schwortz in April 2011 in Rome (see related article). Some of the reviewers on the STERA, Inc. Editorial Review Committee believed the papers did not quite come up to the high standards they would like to see on this website, while several others really liked them just as they were! Unfortunately, since the course I taught is over and the students have moved on, there was no practical way to return the articles to them for further revisions anyway. Consequently, I have made the minor corrections recommended by the reviewers but am basically publishing them "as is" and clearly marked as student papers. Please consider that as you read them and decide for yourself.


The Shroud and Healing by the Rev. Albert R. Dreisbach, Jr. (.pdf format) [81k]

This is the paper Rev. Dreisbach presented at the June 1999 Richmond Conference. During his presentation Rev. Dreisbach projected 18 slides which are not currently included with the article due to size considerations. However, since I plan to include these illustrations in the future, the references to them remain in the text.


The Shroud and the "Historical Jesus": Challenging the Disciplinary Divide by Simon Joseph, Ph.D. [August 2012] [Updated with additional content and references 21 January 2013]

Simon Joseph is an Adjunct Professor of Religion at California Lutheran University. Included here is a brief quote from his paper that provides a good overview of the contents: "The Shroud of Turin is virtually ignored in “Historical Jesus” research. Why? In this paper, I will seek to provide an explanation for this curious lack of interest and examine ways in which “Historical Jesus” research and Sindonology might complement each other. Since the 1988 radiocarbon dating test, there has been a general assumption, particularly within the scientific community, that the Shroud is of medieval origin. The 1988 test results have largely been regarded as “decisive proof that the Turin Shroud is a forgery.” Recent studies, however, indicate that those results are in need of reevaluation. This paper will identify a number of distinctive features of the Shroud that have yet to be explained and will correlate these features with Historical Jesus research."


The Shroud of Turin and the Resurrection Problem - An Anglican/Episcopal Perspective by Daniel R. Porter  (.pdf format) [44k]

I am pleased to include the first paper on this website by Daniel R. Porter, known to many Internet viewers as the founder of the excellent Shroud website ShroudForum.com.


The Shroud of Turin: Bridge Between Heaven and Earth? by Joseph G. Marino and M. Sue Benford, R.N., M.A. (.pdf format) [137k]

This article was originally published in the April 1999 (Volume 22, no. 2) issue of The Journal of Religion and Psychical Research. It has been amended slightly for the website and three photographs have been added to the end of the paper. Joseph Marino has been involved in Shroud research for many years and Ms. Benford is relatively new to sindonology.


The Shroud of Turin From the Viewpoint of the Physical Sciences by Fr. Manny Carriera, S.J. [18 July 2011]

Fr. Carriera is a respected physicist and sindonologist and member of the Centro Español de Sindonologia (C.E.S.) in Spain and the online Shroud Science Group. This article begins with a very good assessment of the current state of Shroud science. Of course, Fr. Carriera is also a priest and theologian, so the article then shifts into other, more spiritual and theologic themes


The Shroud of Turin: Is it or Isn't it? A Lutheran/Evangelical Perspective on Shroud Studies by Arnold E. Lemke [Dec 2013]

Rev. Lemke wrote this essay in 2000, while the Shroud was on public display. In it he provides his own thoughtful perspective on the Shroud.


The Shroud of Turin: Its Ecumenical Implications by the Rev. Albert R. Dreisbach, Jr.

This article is the full version of the paper Rev. Dreisbach presented at the 1998 Turin Symposium. A long time sindonologist, Rev. Dreisbach provides us with his unique, articulate and well-qualified perspective on the ecumenical aspects of the Shroud and its significance today.


The Shroud of Turin: A Parable for Modern Times? by Thaddeus J. Trenn

In this article, Mr. Trenn provides us with his interesting perspective on the study of the Shroud of Turin. He defines the unique position it holds for both science and religion as he searches for an even deeper meaning to its significance. Mr. Trenn teaches in the science and religion program at Victoria College, University of Toronto. Reprints of the article are also available. For ordering information, visit the Reprints of Papers and Articles section of the "Website Store" page of this site.


The Soudarion: What the Fourth Gospel Reveals about the Shroud and the Oviedo Cloth by the Rev. Albert R. Dreisbach, Jr. (.pdf format) [September 2005] (From the 3rd International Dallas Conference)  

In this thoughtful paper, Fr. Dreisbach presents the Fourth Gospel clues to the Shroud of Turin.


Thomas & the Cenacle Reconsidered by the Rev. Albert "Kim" Dreisbach (.pdf format) [232k] (From the International Conference on the Shroud of Turin - Dallas 2001)

In this in-depth paper, Fr. Dreisbach discusses in detail the account of Thomas in the Upper Room or Cenacle [John 20:24-29] as he continues his ongoing Biblical research into clues about the Shroud in the Gospels.


Thomas & the Hymn of the Pearl by the Rev. Albert "Kim" Dreisbach (.pdf format) [181k] (From the Sindone 2000 Shroud Conference in Orvieto, Italy)

In this paper Fr. Dreisbach discusses The Acts of Thomas, which contain the Hymn of the Pearl and may well be an adaptation of an older work, redesigned to provide "spy clues" pointing to the Shroud and its image(s). The Hymn of the Pearl is one of the earliest documents in existence on Edessan Christianity.


What Does the Shroud of Turin Mean? by Robert Perry (.pdf format) [80k]

This thoughtful and well written article is by Robert Perry, a writer and teacher on the modern spiritual path ("A Course In Miracles"). He is President and Founder of The Circle of Atonement, a non-profit spiritual teaching organization which serves students of "A Course In Miracles," and lives in Sedona, Arizona. In this article he shares his personal point of view on the significance of the Shroud and the meaning it has for him, but his conclusions should strike a chord with many viewers. Robert can be reached via e-mail at circleofa@sedona.net or by snail mail at The Circle of Atonement, P.O. Box 4238, W. Sedona, AZ 86340.


What is the Importance of Science to Faith? by Br. Joseph A'Hearn, L.C. - Student Essay [18 July 2011]

This is one of three student essays written as the final examination for the course on the STURP team and their science taught by Barrie Schwortz in April 2011 in Rome (see related article). Some of the reviewers on the STERA, Inc. Editorial Review Committee believed the papers did not quite come up to the high standards they would like to see on this website, while several others really liked them just as they were! Unfortunately, since the course I taught is over and the students have moved on, there was no practical way to return the articles to them for further revisions anyway. Consequently, I have made the minor corrections recommended by the reviewers but am basically publishing them "as is" and clearly marked as student papers. Please consider that as you read them and decide for yourself.


Where Do We Go From Here? by Tom D'Muhala

Tom discusses his personal involvement in Shroud research, provides some much needed perspective on the carbon dating and suggests various courses of action for current and future Shroud studies in this insightful and often philosophic article. Tom was a founding member of STURP and was its president from 1978 to 1996. This presentation was originally delivered at the 1996 Esopus Conference.



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