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Closeup of the water stain located between the ventral and dorsal head images. Most water stains on the Shroud are from the water used to douse the 1532 fire. You can also see the top of the back of the head at far left. Note that the visible area of this closeup extends beyond the left edge of the Master Photograph. Also notice the "#3" bloodstain at the far right of the image and the other bloodstains visible in the dorsal head image area at left. According to forensic pathologists, these could have been caused by a "crown" or cap of thorns placed firmly onto the head prior to crucifixion.